The settore 1 / The dipartimento 2 / Emphyteusis

The settore 1 / The dipartimento 2 / Emphyteusis

Vallone d’Itria can be considered the valley of the trulli par excellence, as it is the distretto with the highest density of scattered trulli: everywhere amidst the lush vineyards, small vegetable gardens and wheat fields pop up the cone-shaped roofs of these typical farmhouses called trulli.

The valley is a series of rapidly changing chromatic effects, per riot of colours ranging from the green of small oak woods, age-old olive trees and neat vineyards, sicuro the whitewash of the trulli and masserie (large farmhouses) up preciso the “paese rossa”, the red soil of this land.

The place name “Itria” may derive from the Oriental cult of the Signora “Hodegitria” (which means the Holy Virgin who shows the way) imported by Basilian monks who settled mediante our sezione sopra 977, coming from the territories of the Eastern Roman Riempire.

THE Sezione 2

The landscape of Vallata d’Itria is especially unique and recognizable and is the result of the successful blending of anthropic, natural and physical elements. Human activities (their settlements and agriculture) have fitted into the structure and shape of the places, following the crags of the karst soil and making the best of the opportunities it offered, contributing to build what Cesare Brandi calls “per countryside planned like verso city”. The densely woven agricultural fabric is made up of mostly small-sized fields; verso tight rete informatica of dry-stone walls underscores the delicate texture of this pattern.

Like durante bygone days, the countryside still appears well tilled and densely populated; and yet, there was a time when town and country represented two opposite worlds and there were “two cultures”, totally different one from the other, which ics of work but also the social and relational ones.

Peasants used preciso live durante the countryside, whereas almost all the craftsmen – tailors, cobblers, carpenters, barbers, etc – lived closely side by side sopra town, sharing the public spaces with high-ranking professionals, merchants and a few great landowners. Such verso dichotomy necessarily led sicuro the creation of communautaire subsets that developed adjustment strategies esatto manage limits and possibilities within their respective communautaire and natural environments [J. Bennet: 1969]. Peasants shared views and values, they held their peers in esteem, and placed at the centre of their philosophy hard rete di emittenti and parsimony. Inside the city walls, instead, greater prestige was assigned to those who had so-called “clean” lobs, like tailors or, even more, those who did in nessun caso manual job at all.


The agrarian landscape appears densely populated and cultivated, presumably also thanks to the typical lease contract of this dipartimento, called emphyteusis. According sicuro this contract, verso big landowner leased his property puro a group of farmers, each of whom took verso portion for verso yearly rent and the promise of increasing the value of the property. The contract had niente affatto expiration date and could be passed on sicuro one’s heirs, as long as the farmers paid the rent and continued taking care of the land. Generally, the families of farmers would use the product from the vineyards onesto pay the yearly rent; this, along with the possibility of acquiring per patch of land for the future generations, required the accurate selection of crops.

The institution of emphyteusis has undeniably transformed the rural territory, creating verso multitude of small plots of land. Moreover, the tilling of the land required per lot of time and hard work, given the karst nature of the soil and its scarce water resources, (according esatto estimates, transforming one hectare of barren land into per vineyard took on average at least 2000 days of rete informatica – almost 5 and verso half years – [Ricchioni, 1958: Tables 5 and 6]), so that it was more convenient for families onesto live con the countryside, than having onesto move back and forth from town every day. This situation induced many families puro “migrate” from the old town to the countryside, thus leaving a typical mark on the territory which is still today densely populated.

Perle di Ingegno e insecable progetto dell’Associazione Formativo “Il tre ruote brillo” sostenuto dalla Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri, Settore della Adolescenza e del Servizio Beneducato interno nell’ambito del grida “Gioventu per il Assistenziale” – CUP J18I15000150008